Welcome to Ongole Municipal Corporation, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh // ఇంటిపన్నుబకాయిలుసకాలములోచెల్లించండిఅపరాధరుసుమునుండివిముక్తిపొందండి Birth and Death Certificates issue through Meeseva Centres only // Payment of Property Tax through Cheques/DDs/POs must in favour of The Commissioner, Ongole Municipal Corporation, Ongole - Toll Free No : 1800-425-2858

About Ongole

Ongole City
As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Ongole in 2011 is 202,826; of which male and female are 101,728 and 101,098 respectively. The sex ratio of Ongole city is 994 per 1000 males.
In education section, total literates in Ongole city are 153,888 of which 82,322 are males while 71,566 are females. Average literacy rate of Ongole city is 83.57 percent of which male and female literacy was 89.41 and 77.72 percent.
Total children (0-6) in Ongole city are 18,673 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 9,651 boys while 9,022 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 935 per 1000 boys.
Ongole city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Ongole Urban Agglomeration. Although Ongole city has population of 202,826; its urban / metropolitan population is 206,419 of which 103,541 are males and 102,878 are females
HISTORY OF THE TOWN
Ongole District was carved out of three taluks of Guntur District i.e. Addanki, Chirala and Ongole, four taluks of Nellore Distict i.e., Kandukur, Kanigiri, Podili and Darsi, and two taluks i.e., Markapur and Giddalur of Kurnool District. The District was constituted on 2 nd February 1970, and was renamed as prakasam District with effect form 12-05-1972, in memory of the great patriot and popular leader, late Sri Tangutur Prakasam Panthulu, who was born in Vinoda Rayani Palem Village of this District. It is one of the nine coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh
The District is famous and proud of its indigenous Bull called ‘Ongole Bull’. Ongole bulls have unique and composite characters, which are of rare occurrence in other bulls. They are large and massive in size with fleshy dewlap hanging in folds. The ‘Semen’ of the Ongole Bull is being preserved and exported to some of the western countries. The town is situated on the South Central Railway Grand Trunk line connecting Howrah and Chennai. It is located on the National Highway No.5 connecting Kolkatta with Chennai cities and State High Way connecting Kurnool via Nandyala. Being the District Head Quarters, it is connected with all the major towns and rural areas by a good network of bus services. It is also a commercial center for Agricultural produce. From the surrounding village, the agricultural produce comes to the town for sale. Cheemakurty, which is 20 Kms away from Ongole Town, is famous for Granite Industry, which is of superior quality, and being exported to other countries. But, other Industries such as Industrial Estates, Agricultural Marketing yard for encouraging Industrial and Agricultural growth around the town.
Topographical features:
The town is located on the eastern coast of Andhra Pradesh at a distance of about 20 Km from the Bay of Bengal and lice between 15 - 30 and 16 North latitude and 79 – 80 East longitude. It is situated in the midst of rich agricultural lands which produce commercial crops like Tobacco, Cotton, Chilies and Pulses etc., The annual average rainfall 794.5 mm receiving both North-East & South – West Mansoons, results to high yields particularly for the paddy crop under wet irrigation inspite of untimely, unwanted cyclone causing heavy damage to the crops. The town situated on the main Railway route of Howrah – Chennai, Chennai-New Delhi, and has connecting railway routes to Hyderabad. One of the major highway NH.5 is passing through the town.
Demography:
The population of the town as per 1881 census is 9,200 and it was increase to 1,53,891 as per 2001 census the decadal growth rate of population during 1901-1911 is 3.28%, 1981–1991 is 18.21% and 1991-2001 is 52.61%. The increase of decadal growth rate of population during 1991-2001 was due to merger of parts of 3 Panchayats in the Municipality. The sex ratio in the Municipality is 1000 : 961. The percentage of literacy of the town is 72.6.
Economic base of the town:
Ongole is a prominent commercial center in Prakasam District. Tobacco, Aqua culture, Granite polishing factories, PVC pipe factories, Milk projects, Salt production of the main important commercial activities. Because of its strategic location on both the National High way No.5 and Railway main line from Kolkata to Chennai there is a significant development in business and commerce like cash crops, Aqua and Granite products. Further Ongole is famous and proud of its indigenous Bull called Ongole Bull. The semen of the Ongole Bull is being preserved and exported to some of the western countries. The town service as on outlet for marketing the produces of its hinterland
Role of the Town:
Ongole is the head quarter’s town of Prakasam District having located a good number of District and Mandal level Offices of the State Government. The Town is surrounded by agriculturally developed villages and a big marketing center. The existence of the Industries like Granite Industries and huge milk project, PVC pipe factories, Tobacco factories and Aqua culture has contributed to its Industrial and Economic growth.
CONCEPT :
Ongole Municipality is the Selection Grade Municipality and it is the head quarters of Prakasam District. Ongole Municipality is constituted during the year 1876 and subsequently in pursuance of G.O.Ms.No.250 M.A, Dated 28.04.1994; the following Gram Panchayats were merged in Ongole Municipality limits.
(1) Ongole rural, (2) Mukthinuthala Padu, (3) Pelluru, (4) Koppolu, (5) Vengamukkala Palem(P). The total population of Ongole Municipality is as per the 2001 census is 1,50,471. The Government in their order vide G.O.Ms.No.1038 M.A, Dated 18.12.1978 have sanctioned. The Central Town Planning Scheme under the provisions of A.P Town Planning Act, 1920.
AREA & DEMOGRAPHY :
The area of Municipality is 25.00 Sq.Km. As per 1961 census report, the population of the town was 35,504. The figures indicated by 1971, 1981 & 1991 census were 53330, 79345 & 131250 respectively. The population as per 2001 census is 1,53,891 souls.
Thus is may be observed that during 1961 to 1981 the growth rate is about 55.40 % per annum. However the yearly growth rate between 1961 to 1971 is 48.95 %, 1971 to 1981 is 48.78 %, 1981 to 1991 is 65.23 % and 1991 t o 2001 is 17.25 %.
With an approximate area of 25.00 Sq.Km. inhabited by 1,53,891 souls at present, the density of population comes out to be about 6155 persons per Sq.Km.
POPULATION PROJECTION :
The present population of the Municipality is 1,53,891. It has been indicated that the growth rate of population during the 1981-1991 and 1991-2001 are about 65.23 % and 17.25 % respectively. The growth rate in last decade is below the state average.
Based on the previous decadal growths, the population of Ongole Municipality in around 2026 would be 2.20 Lakh. However, the growth of all urban population will not be in the same fashion since there are various social and economical factors responsible for growth of population of a particular urban agglomeration.
Ongole municipality is one of the oldest municipality in the state constituted during the year 1876 and upgraded as selection grade municipality in 2001. The population as per 2001 census is 1,53,891. Ongole became the district head quarters for Prakasam district in the year 1970 and located on the eastern coast of AP at a distance of about 20 Kms from the Bay of Bengal.
ONGOLE MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
Population Decadal Growth

Year

Population

% of Decadal Growth

 

1881

9200

---

1901

12864

---

1911

13286

3.28

1921

14276

7.45

1931

16672

21.18

1941

21148

27.06

1951

27810

31.28

1961

35804

28.75

1971

53330

48.95

1981

79435

61.86

1991

131250

65.23

2001

153891

17.25


Ongole Municipality
 
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